公開生薬−アーユルヴェーダ生薬
Ayurvedic crude drugs released in the ETHMEDmmm
No. 生薬一般名(アーユルヴェーダ名)
Common name in Ayruveda
英語名
English name
動植鉱物学名
Scientific name
1AdhakiCongo Pea, Pigeon Pea, Red GramCajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. (= Cajanus indicus Spreng.)
2AkarakarabhaSpanish PellitoryAnacyclus pyrethrum DC.
3AkasavalliDodderCuscuta reflexa Roxb.
4AmalakiEmbelic Myrobalan, Indian GooseberryPhyllanthus emblica Linn. (= Emblica officinalis Gaertn.)
5AmraMangoMangifera indica Linn.
6Aragvadha (Fruit)Golden Shower, Indian Laburnum, Purging Cassia, Purging FistulaCassia fistula Linn.
7Aragvadha (Root)Golden Shower, Indian Laburnum, Purging Cassia, Purging FistulaCassia fistula Linn.
8Aragvadha (Bark)Golden Shower, Indian Laburnum, Purging Cassia, Purging FistulaCassia fistula Linn.
9Aranya haridraWild Turmeric, Yellow ZedoaryCurcuma aromatica Salisb.
10Aranya tulasiHoary BasilOcimum americanum L.
11ArdrakaFresh GingerZingiber officinale Rosc.
12AsalikaGarden CressLepidium sativum Linn.
13Avartaki (Bark)Tanner's CassiaCassia auriculata Linn.
14Avartaki (Flowers)Tanner's CassiaCassia auriculata Linn.
15Avartaki (Leaves)Tanner's CassiaCassia auriculata Linn.
16Avartaki (Seeds)Tanner's CassiaCassia auriculata Linn.
17Avartaki (Roots)Tanner's CassiaCassia auriculata Linn.
18AvartiniEast Indian Screw TreeHelicteres isora Linn.
19AbhrakaMica, Powdered Talc, Muscovy GlassMica
20Abhraka bhasmaSilicate of alumina, Lime and iron oxide
21AdhahpuspiTrichodesma indicum R.Br.
22AgnimanthaPremna corymbosa Rottl.
23AguruAloe Wood, Eagle Wood, Agar WoodAquilaria agallocha Roxb. (= Aquilaria malaccensis Lam.)
24AhiphenamOpium Poppy, White PoppyPapaver somniferum Linn.
25AindriThyme-leaved GratiolaBacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell
26AjamodaCeleryApium graveolens Linn.
27AjamodaAjamoda, AjowanTrachyspermum roxburghianum (DC.) Wolf. (= Carum roxburghianum Benth. & Hook.f.)
28AksotaWalnutJuglans regia Linn.
29AmlaparniHimalayan Rhubarb, Indian RhubarbRheum emodi Wall., Rheum webbianum Royle
30AmlikaTamarind, Indian Date, Tamarind TreeTamarindus indica Linn.
31AmrtaphalaQuinceCydonia oblonga Mill. (= Cydonia vulgaris Pers.) (= Pyrus cydonia Linn.)
32AnkolaSag-leaved AlangiumAlangium salvifolium (L.f.) Wang.
33Apamarga (Fruits)Prickly Chaff-flowerAchyranthes aspera Linn.
34Apamarga (Leaves, stem, root)Chaff flower, Snakes Tail, Prickly Chaff-flowerAchyranthes aspera Linn.
35AranyajirakaPurple FleabeenVernonia anthelmintica (L.) Willd. (= Centratherum anthelminticum (L.) Kuntze)
36AristakaSoapnut Tree of North IndiaSapindus mukorossi Gaertn.
37ArjunaArjun MyrobalanTerminalia arjuna Wight & Arn.
38ArkaDead Sea Apple, Milk Weed, Sodom Apple, Swallow WortCalotropis gigantea (Ait) R.Br.
39AsanaIndian KinowoodPterocarpus marsupium Roxb.
40Asoka (Bark)AshokaSaraca asoca (Roxb.) De Wilde
41Asoka (Flowers)AshokaSaraca asoca (Roxb.) De Wilde
42AsvagolaSalvia aegiptiaca Linn.
43AsthiTortoise bone
44AsvagandhaWinter Cherry RootWithania somnifera (L.) Dunal
45AsvagolaSpogel Seed, Psyllium HuskPlantago ovata Forsk.
46AsvagolaSpogel Seeds, IspaghulaPlantago erosa Wall. (Plantago major Auct.Thw.)
47AtasiLinseedLinum usitatissimum Linn.
48AtibalaCountry Mallow SeedSida rhombifolia Linn.
49AtivisaAtis RootAconitum heterophyllum Wall.
50BakuciPsoralea SeedPsoralia corylifolia Linn.
51Babbula (Bark)Gum AcaciaAcacia nilotica (L.) Willd. subsp. indica (Benth.) Brenan (= Acacia arabica Willd.)
52Babbula niryasa (Gum)Indian Gum ArabicAcacia nilotica (L.) Willd. subsp. indica (Benth.) Brenan (= Acacia arabica Willd.)
53Babbula (Flowers)Black Babul, Indian Gum Arabic TreeAcacia nilotica (L.) Willd. subsp. indica (Benth.) Brenan (= Acacia arabica Willd.)
54Badara (Root)Jujube RootZizyphus mauritiana Lam. (= Zizyphus jujuba Lam. non Mill.)
55Badara (Fruits)Jujube Fruit, Chinese DateZizyphus mauritiana Lam. (= Zizyphus jujuba Lam. non Mill.)
56BahuksiraMilk BushEuphorbia tirucalli Linn..
57Bakula (Flowers)Bullet Wood Flowers, Bullet Wood TreeMimusops elengi Linn.
58Bakula (Bark)Bullet Wood TreeMimusops elengi Linn..
59Bakula (Seed)Bullet Wood TreeMimusops elengi Linn.
60Bala (Seeds)Bullet Wood TreeSida acuta Burm.f.
61Bala (Whole plant)Bullet Wood TreeSida acuta Burm.f.
62BalaSida cordifolia Linn.
63BharngiTurk' Turban, Tube Flower.Clerodendrum indicum (L.) Kuntze (= Clerodendron siphonanthus (R.Br.) C.B.Clarke)
64BharngiPicrasma quassioides (D.Don) Benn.
65BhadraAerva lanata (L.) Schult.
66BhadrelaGreater Cardamom, Nepal CardamomAmomum subulatum Roxb.
67Bhallataka (Fruits)Marking Nut, Oriental CashewSemecarpus anacardium Linn.
68Bhallataka (Seeds)Marking Nut TreeSemecarpus anacardium Linn.
69Bhallataka (Bark)Marking Nut TreeSemecarpus anacardium Linn.
70BhangaSoft Hemp, True HempCannabis sativa L. (= Cannabis indica Linn.)
71BhendaLady's finger, Okra, GumboAbelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench. (= Hibiscus esculentus Linn.)
72BhumikharjuriDate Sugar Palm, Indian Wine Palm, Wild Date PalmPhoenix sylvestris Roxb.
73BhurjapatraHimalayan Silver Birch BarkBetula utilis D.Don
74BhrngarajaTrailing EcliptaEclipta prostrata Linn. (= Eclipta erecta Linn.) (= Eclipta alba (L.) Hassk.)
75BhutakesiCorydalis govaniana Wall.
76BhutrnaCymbopogon jwarancusa Schult. (= Andropogon jwarancusa Jones)
(= Andropogon laniger Desf.)
77SauvarcalaKalanamak (A type of salt)
78BrahmadandiTricholepis glaberrima DC.
79BrhaddantiJatropha glandulifera Roxb.
80Brhat goksuraPedalium murex Linn.
81BrhatiPoison-berrySolanum indicum Linn.
82BrhatiJerusalem Cherry ShrubSolanum torvum Swartz.
83CakramardaFoctid Cassia, The Sickle Senna, Wild SennaCassia tora Linn.
84Campaka (Fruits)Champak, Golden ChampaMichelia champaca Linn.
85Campaka (Flowers)ChampakMichelia champaca Linn.
86CanakaBengal Gram, Caravance, Chickpea, Garbanzo, GramCicer arietinum Linn.
87CandanaSandal WoodSantalum album Linn.
88CavyaWild PepperPiper brachystachyum Wall.
89CicindaSnake GourdTrichosanthes cucumerina Linn.
90CitrakaWhite Lead WortPlumbago zeylanica Linn.
91CitrakaRosy Flowered Lead WortPlumbago indica Linn. (= Plumbago rosea Linn.)
92CopaciniSmilax ovalifolia Roxb. (= Smilax macrophylla Roxb.) (= Smilax zeylanica Linn.)
93DaruharidraTree TurmericCoscinium fenestratum Colebr.
94Daruharidra (Rasanjana)Berberis ExtractBerberis lycium Royle
95DadimaPomegranatePunica granatum Linn.
96Dadima (Flowers)PomegranatePunica granatum Linn.
97DantiBaliospermumBaliospermum montanum (Willd.) Muell. (= Baliospermum axillare Blume)
98DaruharidraIndian BarberryBerberis lycium Royle, Berberis asiatica Roxb. ex DC.
99DevadaliLuffa echinata Roxb.
100DevadaruDeodar, Himalayan Cedar, (N)True CedarCedrus deodara (Roxb. ex Lambert) G.Don
101DhanvayasaFagonia cretica Linn.
102DhanyakaCorianderCoriandrum sativum Linn.
103DhatakiFire Flame Flower, WoodfordiaWoodfordia fruticosa (L.) Kurz
104Dhattura (Seeds)Datura SeedDatura metel L. (= Datura fruticosa Linn.)
105Dhattura (Root)Thorn AppleDatura metel L. (= Datura fruticosa Linn.)
106DraksaBlackbloom RaisinsVitis vinifera Linn.
107DravantiPhysic Nut, Purging NutJatropha curcas Linn.
108Dronapuspi (Whole plant)SpiderwortLeucas cephalotus (Roth) Spreng.
109Dronapuspi (Inflorescence)Leucas aspera Spreng. (= Leucas plukenetii (Roth.) Spreng.)
110DuralabhaArabian Manna, Persian Manna Plant, Camel ThornAlhagi pseudoalhagi (Bieb.) Desv.
111DusparsaIndian Stinging NettleTragia involucrata Linn.
112ElaLesser CardamomElettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton var. miscula Burkill
113Eranda (seeds)CastorRicinus communis Linn.
114Eranda (Root)Castor RootRicinus communis Linn.
115ErvaruMusk Melon, Sweet MelonCucumis melo Linn. var. melo (= Cucumis callosus (Rottler) Cogn.
116GairikaRed OchreOchre, Koolinum
117GajapippaliScindapsus officinalis Schott
118GambhariGmelina asiatica Linn.
119GambhariCoomb TeakGmelina arborea Roxb.
120GandhakaSulphurSulphur
121GandhamalatiCommon Myrtle, Clove MyrtleMyrtus communis Linn.
122GangerukiGrewia tenax Aschers. & Schweinf. ex C.Christensen (= Grewia populifolia Vahl)
123GirisalmalikaYellow Flowered Cotton TreeCochlospermum religiosum (L.) Alston
124GodantiGypsumHydrated calcium sulphate
125Goksura (Fruits)Small CaltropTribulus terrestris Linn.
126Goksura (Whole plant)Small CaltropTribulus terrestris Linn.
127Gaura SarsapaWhite MustardBrassica alba (L.) Rabenh.
128GucchapatraGarden Rue, Common RueRuta chapelensis Linn. (= Ruta graveolens Linn. var. angustifolia Hook.f.)
129GuduciGolancha, TinosporaTinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Hook.f. & Thoms.
130Guduci sattvaTinospora cordifolia (Willd.) Hook.f. & Thoms.
131GugguluIndian BdelliumCommiphora wightii (Arnott.) Bhandari (= Commiphora mukul (Hook. ex Stocks) Engl.)
132GunjaJequirity, Crab's Eye, Indian LiquoriceAbrus precatorius Linn.
133HapusaJuniper BerryJuniperus communis Linn.
134HaramalaHarmal, Syrian Rue, Wild RuePeganum haramala Linn.
135HarikusaAcanthus ilicifolius Linn.
136HaritakiChebulic MyrobalanTerminalia chebula Retz.
137HaridraTurmericCurcuma longa Linn. (= Curcuma domestica Valeton)
138HaritalaTrisulphate of arsenic
139HinguAsafoetida, AsafetidaFerula assa-foetida Linn.
140HingulaCinnabarMercuric sulphide
141HiranyatutthaGolden Collyrium, Yellow Autumn CrocusColchicum luteum Baker
142Jambu (Seeds)Jambul, Black PlumSyzygium cumini (L.) Skeels (= Eugenia jambolana Lam.)
143Jambu (Bark)Jambul, Black PlumSyzygium cumini (L.) Skeels (= Eugenia jambolana Lam.)
144JatamamsiSpikenard, Indian NardNardostachys jatamansi DC.
145Jati (Kernel)NutmegMyristica fragrans Houtt.
146Jatipatri (Aril)MaceMyristica fragrans Houtt.
147Jatipatri (Seed)NutmegMyristica fragrans Houtt.
148JayapalaCroton SeedCroton tiglium Linn.
149JirakaCumin SeedCuminum cyminum Linn.
150JivakaMalaxis acuminata D.Don (= Microstylis wallichii Lindl.)
151JivantiEphemerantha macraei (Lindl.) P.F.Hunt & Summerhayes (= Dendrobium macraei Lindl.) (= Desmotrichum fimbriatum Blume)
152JivantiLeptadenia reticulata Wt. & Arn.
153JhavukaTamarix troupii Hole. (= Tamarix gallica Auct. non Linn.)
154JhavukaTamarix dioica Roxb.
155JyotismatiBlack Oil Plant, Climbing Staff Tree, Intellect TreeCelastrus paniculatus Willd.
156KakanasaDevil's Claw, Snake's Head, Tiger's ClawMartynia annua Linn. (= Martynia diandra Glox.)
157KakoliFritillaryFritillaria roylei Hook.f.
158KaravellaBitter Gourd, Carilla FruitMomordica charantia Linn.
159KaraviCarawayCarum carvi Linn..
160Kasani (Whole plant)Chicory, Succory, Wild EndiveCichorium intybus Linn..
161Kasani (Seeds)Chicory, Succory, Wild EndiveCichorium intybus Linn.
162KaccuraZedoaryCurcuma zedoaria (Berg.) Rosc.
163KadambaWild CinchonaNeolamackia cadamba (Roxb.) Bosser (= Anthocephalus cadamba (Roxb.) Miq.)
(= Anthocephalus chinensis (Lam.) A.Rich. ex Walp.) (= Anthocephalus indicus A.Rich.) (= Nauclea cadamba Roxb.)
164KakamaciBlack Night ShadeSolanum nigrum L.
165KalambaIpomoea reptans Poir. (= Ipomoea aquatica Forsk.)
166KamkusthaGambogeGarcinia hanburyi Hook.f.
167KampillakaKamala PowderMallotus philippensis (Lam.) Mull.Arg.
168KancanaraBuddhist Bauhinia, Mountain Emony, Orchid TreeBauhinia variegata Linn.
169KanguIndian MilletSetaria italica (L.) P.Beauv.
170KankolamCubebs, Tailed Pepper, Java PepperPiper cubeba L.f.
171Kantakari (Fruit)Febrifuge Plant, Yellow Berried Nightshade, Prickly Egg PlantSolanum surattense Burm.f. (= Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad & Wendl.)
172KantakariSolanum aculeatissimum Jacq.
173Kantakari (Root)Solanum surattense Burm.f. (= Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad & Wendl.)
174Kantakari (Whole plant)Solanum surattense Burm.f. (= Solanum xanthocarpum Schrad & Wendl.)
175KapardikaMarina Shells, CowryCypraea moneta Linn.
176KapikacchuLyon BeanMucuna cochinchinensis Cheval.
177KapikacchuCowhageMucuna pruriens (L.) DC.
178Kapittha (Bark)Wood Apple, Elephant AppleLimonia acidissima Linn. (= Feronia elephantum Correa)
179Kapittha (Gum)Wood Apple, Elephant AppleLimonia acidissima Linn. (= Feronia elephantum Correa)
180Kapittha (Fruit pulp)Wood Apple, Elephant AppleLimonia acidissima Linn. (= Feronia elephantum Correa)
181Karanja (Seeds)Indian BeechPongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre (= Pongamia glabra Vent.)
182Karanja (Root)Indian BeechPongamia pinnata (L.) Pierre (= Pongamia glabra Vent.)
183KaraskaraNux VomicaStrychnos nux-vomica Linn.
184KarkandhuJackal Jujube, Indian PlumZizyphus oenoplia (L.) Mill.
185KarkatakasrngiCrab's ClawPistacia integerrima Stew. ex Brand. (= Pistacia khinjuk Stocks)
186KarpuraCamphorCinnamomum camphora Nees & Eberm.
187Karpura (Seeds)CamphorCinnamomum camphora Nees & Eberm.
188KaserukaBulrushScirpus kysoor Roxb. (= Scirpus grossus L.f.)
189KasthadaruMast or Cemetery TreePolyalthia longifolia Benth. & Hook.f.
190KasisaGreen VitrolFerrous sulphate
191KatakaThe Clearing-Nut TreeStrychnos potatorum Linn.
192KatphalaBay Berry Bark, Box MyrtleMyrica esculenta Buch.-Ham. (= Myrica nagi C.P.Thunberg ex A.Murray)
193KaturohiniPicrorhiza RootPicrorhiza kurroa Royle ex Benth.
194KatuviraRed Chillies, Long ChilliesCapsicum annuum Linn. (= Capsicum frutescens C.B.Clarke non L.)
195KauseyasmaAsbestosAsbestos
196KhadiraBlack CatechuAcacia catechu Willd.
197KhakasiLondon RocketSisymbrium irio Linn.
198KharjuraDate FruitPhoenix dactylifera Linn.
199KhatikaCalcium carbonate
200KiratatiktaCreat, KalmeghAndrographis paniculata (Burm.f) Wall. ex Nees
201KokilaksaLong Leaved BarleriaHygrophila schulli (Hamilt.) M.R.Almeida & S.M.Almeida (= Hygrophila auriculata Heine) (= Asteracantha longifolia Nees) (= Hygrophila spinosa T. Anderson)
202KrsnabijaMorning Glory, IndianJalapIpomoea nil (L.) Roth (= Ipomoea hederacea Jacq.)
203KrsnabolaIndian Aloe, Barbados Aloe, Curacao Aloe, Jafarabad AloeAloe barbedensis Mill. (= Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f.)
204KrsnadhatturaJimson Weed, Stink Weed, Mad Apple, Thorn Apple, StramoniumDatura stramonium L. (= Datura tatula Linn.)
205KrsnajirakaBlack Caraway, Himalayan CarawayBunium persicum (Boiss.) Fedt. (= Carum bulbocastanum Koch.)
206KsavakaSneezweed, SneezewortCentipeda minima Lour. (= Centipeda orbicularis Lour.)
207KsirakakoliLilium polyphyllum D.Don
208KsiravidariIpomea mauritiana Jacq. (= Ipomea paniculata (L.) R.Br.)
209KukundaraNgai Camphor TreeBlumea balsamifera DC.
210KulatthaHorsegramDolichos biflorus Linn.
211KulatthikaChaksuCassia absus Linn.
212KumariIndian AloeAloe barbadensis Mill. (= Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f.)
213KumbhiPatana Oak, Slow Match Tree, Wild GuavaCareya arborea Roxb.
214Kumuda (Seeds)Indian Water LilyNymphaea nouchali Burm.f.
215Kumuda (Rhizome)Indian Water LilyNymphaea nouchali Burm.f.
216KusthaKuth, CostusAucklandia lappa Decne. (= Saussurea lappa C.B.Clarke)
217KusumbhaSafflower, Bastard Saffron, False SaffronCarthamus tinctorius Linn.
218Kutaja (Indrayava) (Seeds)Conessi SeedHolarrhena pubescens (Buch.-Ham.) Wall. ex DC. (= Holarrhena antidysenterica (L.) Wall.)
219Kutaja (Bark)Kurchi Bark, Holarrhena BarkHolarrhena pubescens (Buch.-Ham.) Wall. ex DC. (= Holarrhena antidysenterica (L.) Wall.)
220LajjavantiTouch Me NotMimosa pudica Linn.
221LaksaLacLaecifer lacca
222LatakaranjaBonduc Nut, Fever Nut, Physic NutCaesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb. (= Caesalpinia bonducella Flem.)
223LatakaranjaFever NutCaesalpinia crista Linn. (= Caesalpinia nuga Ait.)
224LatakasturikaMusk Mallow, Ambrette SeedsAbelmoschus moschatus Medic. (= Hibiscus abelmoschus L.)
225LavaliLuvunga scandens Buch.Ham.
226LavanaSaltMixture of sodium chloride and other salts
227LavanaSodium chloride
228LavangaCloveSyzygium aromaticum (L.) Merrill & Perry (= Caryophyllus aromaticus Linn.)
(= Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb.) (= Eugenia aromatica Kuntze)
229LinginiDiplocyclos palmatus (L.) Jeffrey (= Bryonia laciniosa L.) (= Bryonopsis laciniosa (L.) Naud.)
230LodhraSymplocos BarkSymplocos racemosa Roxb.
231LonikaCommon PurslanePortulaca oleracea Linn.
232MalakandaEulophia nuda Lindl.
233MallaWhite ArsenicWhite oxide of arsenic, white arsenic
234MasaBlack GramVigna mungo (L.) Hepper
235MasaparniRice Bean, Red BeanVigna umbellata (Thunb.) Ohwi & Ohashi
236MasaparniTeramnus labialis Spreng.
237MayaphalaOak Gall Nut, Magin NutQuercus infectoria Oliv.
238MadanaEmetic NutCatunaregum spinosa (Thunb.) Tirvengadum. (= Randia dumetorum (Retz.) Lam.)
239MadayantikaHenna, Egyptian PrivetLawsonia inermis Linn.
240Madhuka (Fruit)South Indian MahuaMadhuca longifolia (Koenig) Macbride (= Bassia longifolia J.Koenig)
241Madhuka (Seeds)Honey Tree, South Indian MahuaMadhuca longifolia (Koenig) Macbride (= Bassia longifolia J.Koenig)
242Madhuka (Flowers)South Indian MahuaMadhuca longifolia (Koenig) Macbride (= Bassia longifolia J.Koenig)
243MadhusnuhiChina Root (China & Japan: Too-fup)Smilax china Linn.
244MahamedaMahamedaPolygonatum verticellatum All.
245MahanimbaPersian Lilac, Bead TreeMelia azedarach Linn.
246MalatiJasminum grandiflorum Linn.
247ManahsilaRed OrpimentArsenic disulphide
248MandapiGround Nut, Pea NutArachis hypogea Linn.
249MandukaparniIndian PennywortCentella asiatica (L.) Urban
250ManduraMagnetiteFerric Oxide
251ManjisthaIndian MadderRubia cordifolia Linn.
252MaricaBlack PepperPiper nigrum Linn.
253MasuraLens culinaris Medic. (= Lens esculenta Moench)
254MatsyandikaSugarcaneSaccharum officinarum Linn.
255MedaPolygonatum cirrhifolium (Wall.) Royle.
256MedasakaLitsea glutinosa (Lour.) C.B.Rob. (= Litsea chinensis Lam.)
257MesasrngiPeriploca of the WoodsGymnema sylvestre R.Br.
258Methika (Leaf)FenugreekTrigonella foenum-graecum Linn.
259Methika (Seeds)FenugreekTrigonella foenum-graecum Linn.
260MisreyaFennelFoeniculum vulgare Mill.
261Mocarasa (Salmali) (Gum)Silk Cotton Tree GumBombax ceiba L.
262Mrga srngaCervus dama
263MucukundaPterospermum canescens Roxb. (= Pterospermum suberifolium Lam. non Roxb.)
264MudgaGreen Gram, Golden GramVigna radiata (L.) R.Wilczek var. radiata (= Phaseolus radiatus Linn.)
265MudgaparniPhaseolus trilobus Ait.
266MujjatakaMarsh Orchid, SalepOrchis latifolia Linn..
267MulakaRadishRaphanus sativus Linn.
268MurvaMarsdenia tenacissima Wight & Arn.
269MurvaWattakaka volubilis (L.f) Stapf. (= Dregea volubilis (L.f.) Hook.f.)
270MusaliWild AsparagusAsparagus adscendens Roxb.
271MusaliCurculigo orchioides Gaertn. (= Hypoxis orchioides Kurz)
272MustaNut Grass TubersCyperus rotundus Linn.
273NadihinguCumbi-Gum TreeGardenia gummifera L.f.
274NagakesaraCobra SaffronMammea suriga (Ham.) Kosterm. (= Mammea longifolia Pl. et Tri.) (= Ochrocarpus longifolius Benth. et Hook.f.)
275NagabalaCountry MallowSida cordata (Burm.f.) Borss. Waalk. (= Sida veronicaefolia Lam.)
276Nagakesara (Flowers)Iron Wood TreeMesua nagassarium (Burm.f.) Kosterm. (= Mesua ferrea Auct. non Linn.)
277Nagakesara (Seeds)Iron Wood TreeMesua nagassarium (Burm.f.) Kosterm. (= Mesua ferrea Auct. non Linn.)
278NagapasanaSerpentine, ophite
279NagaramustakaCyperus scariosus R.Br.
280NagavalliMussaendaMussaenda glabrata Hutchinson ex Gamble
281NarikelaCoconut CopraCocos nucifera Linn.
282NakhaAchatina fulica Fer.
283NalaCommon Reed GrassPhragmites karka Trin. ex Steud. (= Phragmites karka Retz.) (= Phragmites roxburghii (Kunth) Steud.) (= Phragmites maxima Blatter & McCann)
284NandivrksaEast Indian RosebayTabernaemontana divaricata R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult. (= Ervatamia coronaria Stapf) (= Ervatamia divaricata (L.) Alston)
285NiladurvaDhub Grass, Bermua or Bahama GrassCynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.
286Nilini (Whole plant)Indian IndigoIndigofera tinctoria Linn.
287Nilini (Root)Indian IndigoIndigofera tinctoria Linn.
288NilotpalamBlue Water LilyNymphea stellata Willd.
289Nepala nimbaSwertia chirayta (Roxb.) Karsten
290Nimba (Fruit)Indian Lilac, Margosa Tree, Neem TreeAzadirachta indica A.Juss.
291Nimba (Leaves)Indian Lilac, Margosa Tree, Neem TreeAzadirachta indica A.Juss.
292Nimba (Stem bark)Indian Lilac, Margosa Tree, Neem TreeAzadirachta indica A.Juss.
293NirgundiFive Leaved Chaste TreeVitex negundo Linn.
294NirvisaDelphinium denudatum Wall. ex Hook.f. & Thoms.
295NyagrodhaBanyan TreeFicus benghalensis Linn.
296Parasika yavaniHenbane, Black HenbaneHyoscyamus niger Linn.
297ParibhadraErythrina variegata Linn.
298PatalaTrumpet Flower, Yellow SnaketreeStereospermum personatum A.DC (= Stereospermum personatum (Hassk.) D.Chatterjee) (= Stereospermum chelonoides Auct. non (L.f.) DC.) (= Stereospermum colais (Dillwyn) Mabb.)
299PathaFalse Pareira Brava or Root, Velvet-leaf PareiraCissampelos pariera Linn. var. hirsuta (Buch.-Ham. ex DC.) Forman
(= Cissampelos hirsuta Buch.-Ham. ex DC.)
300PadmakandaNelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
301PadmanalaLotusNelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
302PadmabijamNelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
303PadmapatramNelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
304PadmaNelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
305PadmakarnikaNelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
306PadmakesaraNelumbo nucifera Gaertn.
307PadmaguduciTinospora sinensis (Lour.) Merr (= Tinospora malabarica Miers ex Hook.f.)
(= Tinospora tomentosa Miers ex Hook.f.)
308PadmakaHimalayan Cherry, Bird CherryPrunus cerasoides D.Don
309Palasa (Gum)Flame of the Forest, Bengal KinoButea monosperma Kuntze
310Palasa (Seeds/fruit pieces)Flame of the Forest, Bengal KinoButea monosperma Kuntze
311Palasa (Flowers)Flame of the ForestButea monosperma Kuntze
312PaphanaMorinda TreeMorinda pubesens Smith. (= Mornida tinctoria Roxb.)
313PaphanaIndian Pellet ShrubPavetta indica Linn.
314ParijataCoral Jasmine, Night JasmineNyctanthes arbor-tristis Linn.
315ParantiFlame of the WoodsIxora coccinea Linn.
316ParpatakaFumaria indica (Hassk.) Pugsley (= Fumaria parviflora Lamk. subsp. vaillantii Hook.f.)
317PasanabhedaBergenia ciliata (Haw.) Sternb. forma ligulata Yeo. (= Bergenia ligulata (Wall.) Engl.)
318PathaTap-VineStephania hernandifolia (Willd.) Walp. (= Stephania japonica (Thunb.) Miers)
(= Stephania rotunda Hook.f. & Thoms.)
319PatrangaSappan WoodCaesalpinia sappan Linn.
320PatolaTrichosanthes dioica Roxb.
321PitakusmandaSquash, Red GourdCucurbita maxima Duchesne
322PhenilaSoapnut TreeSapindus laurifolia Vahl
323Pinyaka (Tila - seed cake)Sesame, GingellySesamum indicum Linn.
324PippalaPeepal TreeFicus religiosa Linn.
325Pippali (Spike/fruit)Long PepperPiper longum Linn.
326Pippali (Rhizome/roots)Long Pepper RootPiper longum Linn.
327PlaksaFicus lacor Buch.-Ham. (= Ficus infectoria Roxb.)
328PlaksaFicus tsiela Roxb.
329PugaArecanut, BetelnutAreca catechu Linn.
330PutihaField Mint, Corn MintMentha arvensis Linn.
331PutihaSpearmint, Garden Mint, Lamb MintMentha spicata Linn. Emend. Nathh. (= Mentha spicata var. viridis Linn.)
332PrasariniPaederia foetida Linn.
333PravalaCoralCorallium rubrum
334PrsniparniDesmodium gangeticum (L.) DC.
335PrsniparniUraria lagopodioides Des.
336PriyalaAlmondette Tree, Cheronjee, Cuddapah AlmondBuchnania lanzan Spreng.
337PriyanguAglaia roxburghiana Hiern (= Aglaia odoratissima Blume) (= Aglaia diepenhorstia Miq.)
338PriyanguCallicarpa macrophylla Vahl
339PullasaRhododendron arboreum Sm.
340PunarnavaSpreading HogweedBoerhaavia diffusa Linn. (= Boerhaavia repens L.)
341PundrakaSaccharum officinarum Linn.
342PunnagaAlexandrian LaurelCalophyllum inophyllum Linn.
343PuskaramulamInula racemosa Hook.f.
344PutranjivaPutranjiva roxburghii Wall. (= Drypetes roxburghii Wall.)
345RajikaBlack MustardBrassica nigra (L.) Koch.
346Rama tulasiShrubby BasilOcimum gratissimum Linn.
347RasnaVandaVanda tessellata Hook. ex G.Don
348RajadanaObtuse Leaved MimusopsManilkara heaxandra (Roxb.) Dubard (= Mimusops hexandra Roxb.)
349RajamasaCowpeaVigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. (= Vigna sinensis (L.) Savi ex Hassk.)
(= Vigna catjang (Burm.f.) Walp.) (= Vigna cylindrica (L.) Skeels)
350Rakta candanaRed Sandars WoodPterocarpus santalinus Linn.
351Rakta candanaRed Sandars WoodPterocarpus santalinus Linn.
352RaktasarsapaField Mustard, Indian Colza, Turnip RapeBrassica campestris Linn. (= Brassica rapa Linn.)
353RasanjanaOphthalmic Burbery, Tree TurmericBerberis aristata DC.
354RasnaPluchea lanceolata C.B.Clarke
355RasnaAlpinia calcarata Rosc.
356RasnaGreater GalangalAlpinia galanga Willd.
357RasonaGarlicAllium sativum Linn.
358RddhiHabenaria edgeworthii Hook.f.
359RohisaRosa Grass, Rusa GrassCymbopogon martini (Roxb.) Watson (= Andropogon martini Roxb.) (= Andropogon schoenanthus var. martini Hook.f.)
360RohitakaRohida TreeTecomella undulata (Sm.) Seem. (= Tecoma undulata G.Don)
361RudraksaUltrasum Bead TreeElaeocarpus sphaericus (Gaertn.) K.Schum. (= Elaeocarpus ganitrus Roxb.)
362Salmali (Root)Silk Cotton TreeBombax ceiba Linn. (= Bombax malabaricum DC.) (= Salmalia malabarica (DC.) Schott & Endl.)
363SahacaraBarleria prionitis Linn.
364SahadeviAsh Coloured FleabaneVernonia cinerea (L.) Less.
365SaindhavaPotassium nitrate
366SakralataBalloon Vine, Winter CherryCardiospermum halicacabum Linn.
367SalaShorea robusta Gaertn.f.
368Sallaki (Gum)Boswellia serrata Roxb.
369Salmali (Flowers)Red Silk Cotton TreeBombax ceiba Linn.
370SamudraphalaSalvia plebeia R.Br.
371SamudraphalaHijjal Nut, Indian OakBarringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertn.
372SamudraphenaSepia officinalis
373SaptalaSoapnut - AcaciaAcacia sinuata (Lour) Merr. (= Acacia concinna (Willd.) DC.)
374SaptaparnaDevil TreeAlstonia scholaris (L.) R.Br.
375Sarala (Gum)Calophony, Chirpine, Himalayan Long-leaved PinePinus roxburghii Sargent
376SarjaWhite Dammar, Indian Copal-Tree, Piney Varnish TreeVateria indica Linn.
377SarpagandhaRauvolfia Root, Serpentine, Serpentina RootRauvolfia serpentina (L.) Benth. ex Kurz.
378SarpagandhaRauvolfia tetraphylla L. (= Rauvolfia canescens L.)
379SarsapaIndian Mustard, Brown Mustard, Leaf Mustard, Mustard GreensBrassica juncea (L.) Czern. & Coss.
380SarsapaEruca sativa Mill.
381SatiSpiked GingerHedychium spicatum Buch.-Ham.
382SatapatriDamask RoseRosa damascena Mill.
383SatavariWild AsparagusAsparagus racemosus Willd.
384SatinaPeaPisum sativum Linn. (= Pisum arvense Linn.)
385SauviranjanaPlumbi Sulphuratum, Lead SulphideLead sulphide
386SitivarakaQuail Grass, Silverspiked CockscombCelosia argentea Linn.
387SevatiCommon English Dog Rose, White Cottage RoseRosa alba Linn.
388SaileyaStone Flowers, LichenParmelia perlata (Huds.) Ach.
389SalaparniPseudarthria viscida (L.) Wt. & Arn.
390SanaIndian HempCrotalaria juncea Linn.
391SankhaConch, Conch ShellTurbenella rapa
392SarapunkhaWild IndigoTephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers.
393SatapuspaIndian Dill, SowaAnethum sowa Roxb. ex Flem. (= Anethum graveolens Linn. var. sowa Roxb.)
394SatapuspaAnise; AniseedPimpinella anisum Linn.
395SathiKaempferia galanga Linn.
396SigruDrumstick TreeMoringa oleifera Lam. (= Moringa pterygosperma Gaertn.)
397Sigru (Gum)Drumstick TreeMoringa oleifera Lam. (= Moringa pterygosperma Gaertn.)
398SilajatuAsphalt, Mineral Pitch, Jew's PitchAsphalt - Mineral
399SirisaShireesh TreeAlbizia lebbeck (L.) Benth.
400SphatikaAlum, Rocky CrystalPotassium aluminim sulphate
401Sravani (Inflorescence)East Indian Globe ThistleSphaeranthus indicus Linn.
402Sravani (Whole plant)Globe ThistleSphaeranthus indicus Linn.
403SrngatakaWater Chestnut, Caltrops, Singhara NutTrapa bispinosa Roxb. (= Trapa natans Linn. var. bispinosa (Roxb.) Makino) (= Trapa quadrispinosa Wall.)
404SyamaparniTea PlantCamellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze
405Syonaka (Bark)Indian Trumpet TreeOroxylum indicum Vent.
406Syonaka (Roots)Indian Trumpet TreeOroxylum indicum Vent.
407Syonaka (Seeds)Indian Trumpet TreeOroxylum indicum Vent.
408SikataRed colour sand
409SinduvaraThree Leaved Chaste TreeVitex trifolia Linn.
410SlesmatakaSebestan PlumCordia dichotoma Forst.f.
411SomaEphedraEphedra gerardiana Wall.
412SphatikaAlumAlumen, Sulphate of Alumina
413SrivestakaCalophony, Chirpine, Himalayan Long-leaved PinePinus roxburghii Sargent
414Strikutaja (Seeds)Wrightia arborea (Dennst.) D.J.Mabberley (= Wrightia tomentosa Roem. & Schult.)
415Strikutaja (Stem)Pala Indigo PlantWrightia arborea (Dennst.) D.J.Mabberley (= Wrightia tomentosa Roem. & Schult.)
416SunthiDry GingerZingiber officinale Rosc.
417SuryavartabhedaMalva rotundifolia Linn.
418Svarjika ksaraDhobi's Earth, Washing SodaSodium carbonate
419SvarnapatriIndian Senna, Tinnevelly SennaCassia angustifolia Vahl.
420Sveta khadiraGum Arabic TreeAcacia senegal Willd.
421Sveta Kutaja (Seeds)Pala Indigo PlantWrightia tinctoria (Roxb.) R.Br.
422Sveta Kutaja (Bark)Pala Indigo PlantWrightia tinctoria (Roxb.) R.Br.
423Sveta sarivaDecalepis hamiltonii Wight & Arn.
424SvetavacaParis polyphylla Sm.
425TankanaBoraxSodium borate
426TankariPhysalis minima Linn.
427TalaPalmyra Palm, Palm JaggeryBorassus flabellifer Linn.
428TamalakiPhyllanthus amarus Schum. & Thonn.
429TamraparnaTobaccoNicotiana tabacum Linn.
430TagaraIndian ValerianValeriana jatamamsi Jones (= Valeriana wallichii DC.)
431TakkolakamStar Anise of ChinaIllicium verum Hook.f.
432TalisapatramEast Himalayan Silver Fir, Himalayan YewAbies spectabilis (D.Don.) Mirb. (= Abies webbianana Lindl.)
433TalisapatramRhododendron anthopogon D.Don
434TalisapatramTaxus wallichiana Zucc. (= Taxus baccata Linn.)
435TamalapatramIndian Cassia LigneaCinnamomum tamala (Buch.-Ham.) Ness & Eberm. (= Cinnamomum tamala (F. Hamilt.) Nees & Eberm.)
436TiksnaksaForest PepperToddalia asiatica Lam.
437Tejapatra (Leaves)Cinnamon Leaf, Indian Cassia LigneaCinnamomum tamala (Buch.-Ham.) T.Nees & C.H.Eberm. (= Cinnamomum tamala (F.Hamilt.) Nees & Eberm.)
438Tila tailaSesame OilSesamum indicum Linn.
439TilaSesame SeedSesamum indicum L.
440TodariCommon Stock, Gilli FlowerMatthiola incana (L.) R.Br.
441TrapusaCucumberCucumis sativus Linn.
442TrivrtIndian JalapOperculina turpethum (L.) Silva Manso (= Ipomoea turpethum R.Br.)
443TulasiHoly Basil, Sacred BasilOcimum tenuiflorum Linn. (= Ocimum sanctum Linn.)
444TumburuIndian Prickly Ash FruitZanthoxylum armatum Roxb. (= Zanthoxylum alatum Roxb.)
445TutthaCopper sulphate
446TindikaWater MelonCitrullus lanatus (Thumb.) Matsumura & Nakai (= Citrullus vulgaris Schrad. ex Eckl. & Zeyh.)
447Tvak (Bark)CinnamonCinnamomum verum J.S.Presl
448Tvak (Flower buds)CinnamonCinnamomum verum J.S.Presl
449Tvak (Leaves)CinnamomCinnamomum verum J.S.Presl
450UccataBlepharis persica (Burm.f.) Kuntze (= Blepharis edulis Pers.)
451Udumbara (Fruits)Gular Fig, Cluster Fig, Country FigFicus glomerata Roxb. (= Ficus racemosa Linn.)
452Udumbara (Bark)Gular Fig, Cluster Fig, Country FigFicus glomerata Roxb. (= Ficus racemosa Linn.)
453UpakuncikaSmall Fennel, Black CuminNigella sativa Linn.
454UsiraVetiver; Khas-khas; Khus-khusVetiveria zizanoides (L.) Nash.
455ValakamColeus zeylanicus (Benth.) L.H.Cramer
456Vasa (Leaves)Malabar Nut LeafAdhatoda zeylanica Medik. (= Adhatoda vasica Nees)
457Vasa (Roots)Malabar Nut, VasakaAdhatoda zeylanica Medik. (= Adhatoda vasica Nees)
458VastukaLam's Quarter, White Goosefoot, Wild SpinachChenopodium album Linn.
459VacaSweet Flag, Calamus, Sweet RootAcorus calamus Linn.
460VairiSalacia reticulata Wight
461VamsayavamBamboo spp.
462VamsaBamboo spp.
463VamsalocanaBamboo spp.
464VanardrakaZingiber zerumbet (L.) Sm.
465VanapsaSweet VioletViola odorata Linn.
466VanapsaSweet VioletViola pilosa Blume. (= Viola serpens Wall.)
467VanyajatiBombay Mace, False NutmegMyristica malabarica Lam.
468VarahikandaPotato Yam, Air PotatoDiascoria bulbifera Linn.
469VarunaThree-leaved CaperCrataeva magna DC. (= Crataeva religiosa)
470VasukaPremna barbata Wall.
471VatamaAlmondPrunus amygdalus Batsch
472VatsanabhaIndian AconiteAconitum napellus Linn.
473VatsanabhaIndian NapellusAconitum chasmanthum Stapf ex Holmes
474VibhitakaBelliric MyrobalanTerminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb.
475VidaSal ammoniacAmmonium Chloride
476VidariIndian KudzuPueraria tuberosa DC.
477VidangaEmbelia FruitEmbelia tsjeriam-cottam A.DC.
478VikankataPunella PlumFlacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch.
479Vilva (Fruit)Bael FruitAegle marmelos (L.) Corr.
480Vilva (Root)Bael TreeAegle marmelos (L.) Corr.
481Vilva (Flowers)Bael TreeAegle marmelos (L.) Corr.
482Visala (Root)Colocynth RootCitrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad.
483Visala (Fruit)Colocynth Fruit, Bitter AppleCitrullus colocynthis (L.) Schrad.
484VisnukrantiEvolvulus alsinoides Linn.
485VrddhadarukaElephant Creeper, Woolly Morning GloryArgyreia nervosa (Burm.f.) Boj. (= Argyreia speciosa Sweet)
486VrddhiHabenaria intermedia D.Don
487VrksamlaGarcinia gummi-gutta (L.) Robs.
488YastimadhuLiquorice, Liquorice RootGlycyrrhiza glabra Linn.
489Yava (Seeds)BarleyHordeum vulgare Linn.
490Yavaksara (Ash)Impure Carbonate of PotashHordeum vulgare Linn. (Potassium carbonate)
491YavaniBishop's Weed, AjowanTrachyspermum ammi (L.) Spragne (= Carum copticum Benth. & Hook.f.)
492UstukhudusFrench LavenderLavandula stoechas Linn.
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