公開生薬 − インドネシア生薬(ジャムー)
Indonesian (JAMU) crude drugs released in the ETHMEDmmm
No. 生薬一般名(インドネシア名)
Common name in Indonesia
英語名
English name
動植鉱物学名
Scientific name
1Adas sowaDillAnethum graveolens Linn. (syn. Pencedanum graveolens Benth. & Hook. f.)
2Akar alang-alangImperata cylindrica (L.) P. Beauv.
3Akar kelapaCoconut palmCocos nucifera Linn.
4Akar wangiVetiver (grass), khus, khus-khusAndropogon zizanioides Urb. syn. Phalaris zizanioides Linn.
5AlimGarden cress, pepper cress, cressLepidium sativum Linn.
6Anyang-anyangElaeocarpus grandiflorus Sm. (syn. E. lanceolata Bl., Monocera lanceolata Hassk.)
7ApokatAvocadoPersea gratissima Gaertn.
8ArenSugar palm, Arenga palmArenga pinnata Merr. syn. A. saccharifera Labill.
9Asam jawaTamarindTamarindus indica Linn.
10BabandotanGoatweed, billy goat weedAgeratum conyzoides Linn.
11BegureCaesalpinia crista Linn.
12BelerangSulfur
13Benalu manggaDendropthoe petandra Miq. syn. Loranthus pentandrus Linn.
14Benalu tehScurulla atropurpurea
15BendoEntada phaseoloides Merr. syn. E. monostachya DC., E. pursaetha DC., E. scandens Benth.
16BengleZingiber cassumunar Roxb. syn. Z. purpureum Roscoe
17Bidara laut, kayu ular, bidara pait, bidara putihStrychnos ligustrina Blume syn. S. lucida R. Br.
18Bidara upasMerremia mammosa Hall.f. syn. Ipomoea mammosa Choisy
19Biji adasFennelFoeniculum vulgare Mill.
20Biji majakanOak gall nutQuercus infectoria Oliv. syn. Q. lusitanica Lam.
21Biji palaNutmeg / MaceMyristica fragrans Houtt.
22BrotowaliTinospora tuberculata Beumee ex K. Heyne syn. T. rumphii Boerl., Cocculus crispus DC., Menispermum crispum Linn., M. tuberculatum Lam, M. verrucosum Roxb. ex Flem., Tinospora crispa (L.) Hook. f. & Thomson
23Buah makassarFalse sumac, Java brucea fruitBrucea javanica (L.) Merr. (syn. B. amarisima Desv. ex Gomes, B. sumatrana Roxb.)
24Buah tempayanScaphium affine Pierre. syn. Firmiana affinis Terrac., Sterculia affinis Mast.
25Bulangan, Kayu lakaDalbergia parviflora Roxb. syn. D.zollingeriana Miq.
26Bunga kesumba, KasumbaSafflowerCarthamus tinctorius Linn.
27Buntut kudaDianella sp.
28BupleurumBupleurum chinense DC. syn. B. scorponeraefolium DC.
29Cabe merah besarRed pepperCapsicum annum Linn.
30Cabe, Cabe jawaJavanese long pepperPiper retrofractum Vahl syn. P. longum Blume, P. officinarum C. DC., Chavica officinarum Miq., C. retrofracta Miq.
31CegukRangoon creeperQuisqualis indica Linn.
32CendanaSandalwoodSantalum album Linn.
33Cengkeh, bunga lawang, kembang lawangCloveEugenia aromatica Kuntze
34CeplikanMinnie rootRuellia tuberosa Linn.
35CiplukanPhysalis angulata Linn. and Physalis minima Linn. syn. P. minima Linn., P. indica Lam., P. parviflora R. Br.
36CongkokCurculigo capitulata Kuntze syn. C. recurvata (Dryand.), Molineria recurvata Herb.
37Dandang gendhisClinacanthus nutans Lindau
38Daun belimbingBilimbiAverrhoa bilimbi Linn.
39Daun beluntasPluchea indica (L.) Less. syn. P. foliosa DC.
40Daun dewaGynura sp. [Gynura procumbens Merr., G. pseudochina (L.) DC.]
41Daun dilem, Daun nilamPatchouliPogostemon cablin Benth. syn. P. patchouly Pellet. var. suavis Hook. f
42Daun encokLeadwortPlumbago zeylanica Linn.
43Daun gatal besarLaportea decumana Wedd.
44Daun gediAbelmoschus manihot Medik. syn. Hibiscus manihot Linn.
45Daun jambu bijiGuajavaPsidium guajava Linn.
46Daun jerukMexican limeCitrus aurantifolia Swingle syn. C. acida Pers., C. lima Macfad., C. medica var. acida Brandis, Limonia aurantifolia Christm.
47Daun jintenColeus amboinicus Lour. syn. C. aromaticus Benth., C. carnosus Hazsk., C. suborbiculata Zoll. & Mor., Plectranthus aromaticus Roxb.
48Daun kaki kuda, PegaganAsiatic pennywortCentella asiatica Urban
49Daun keji belingStrobilanthes crispus Blume syn. Serycocalyx crispus (L.) Bremek.
50Daun kembang sepatuHisbiscus rosa-sinensis Linn.
51Daun kemuningMurraya paniculata (L.) Jack
52Daun lidah ayamPolygala glomerata Lour.
53Daun paceNoniMorinda citrifolia Linn. syn. M. bracteata Roxb.
54Daun pandan wangiFragrant pandan, fragrant screwpinePandanus amaryllifolius Roxb. syn. P. latifolius Hassk., P. hasskarlii Merr.
55Daun remujungJava teaOrthosiphon grandiflorus (Blume) Bold. syn. O. stamineus Benth., O. aristatus (Blume) Miq., O. spicatus Benth.
56Daun sagaIndian liquoriceAbrus precatorius Linn.
57Daun salamEugenia polyantha Wight syn. E. lucidula Miq., Syzygium polyanthum Walp.
58Daun sambang darahExcoecaria cochinchinensis Lour. syn. E. bicolour Hassk.
59Daun sangketanHeliotropium indicum Linn. syn. H. indicum DC.
60Daun sembungNgai camphor plantBlumea balsamifera DC. syn. Conyza balsamifera Linn.
61Daun sendokGreat plantain, waybread, nipple grassPlantago major Linn. syn. P. asiatica Linn., P. hasskarlii Decne., P. incisa Hassk.
62Daun seribuYarrowAchillea millefolium Linn.
63Daun sirihBetel pepperPiper betle Linn. syn. Chavica auriculata Miq., C. betle Miq.
64Daun sujiPleomele angustifolia N. E. Br. syn. Cordyline rumphii Hook., Dracaena angustifolia Roxb.
65Daun tapak limanElephant’s footElephantopus scaber Linn.
66Daun tempuyungSonchus arvensis Linn.
67Daun trawasLitsea odorifera Valeton
68Daun urang-aringEclipta prostata (L.) Linn., syn. E. alba Hassk.
69DringoSweet flagAcorus calamus Linn.
70Fuli (aril)Nutmeg / MaceMyristica fragrans Houtt.
71GadungIntoxicating yamDioscorea hispida Dennst. syn. D. hirsuta Bl. , D. tripylla Auct., Helmia hirsuta Kunth.
72Gadung cinaChina rootSmilax china Linn.
73GambirPale catechuUncaria gambier Roxb.
74GandapuraMusk seedAbelmoschus moschatus Medik. syn. Hibiscus abelmoschus Linn.
75GandarusaJusticia gendarussa Burm. f. syn. Gendarussa vulgaris Nees
76GantiLigusticum acutilobum Siebold & Zucc. syn. Angelica acutiloba (Siebold & Zucc.) Kitag.
77GelamCajeputMelaleuca leucadendra (L.) Linn. syn. M. cajuputi Powell
78Greges ototEquisetum debile Roxb. ex Vaucher
79GuciCampanumoea javanica Blume syn. Codonopsis javanica Hook. f. & Thomson
80Gula jawaSaccharum officinarum Linn.
81HarendongMelastoma malabathricum Linn.
82IngguRuta angustifolia Pers. syn. R. chalepensis Linn.
83Jaha klingTerminalia arborea Koord. syn. T. chebula Retz., T. teysmanii K.& V., Combretum arboreum Miq., Embryogonia arborea Teijsm. & Binn., Terminalia citrina Roxb. ex Flem.
84JaheGingerZingiber officinale Rosc.
85JalaweBelericTerminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. syn. T. laurinoides Teijsm. & Binn. T
86JambeAreca palm, Betelnut palmAreca catechu Linn.
87Jamur impesCalvatia spp. (Fries p.p.) Morgan
88JangkangHazel sterculiaSterculia foetida Linn. syn. Ptercymbium javanicum R. Br.
89JarongStachytarpheta jamaicensis (L.) Vahl syn. S. indica Vahl
90Jati belandaGuazuma ulmifolia Lam. var. tomentosa K.Schum. syn. G. tomentosa Kunth.
91JawawutFoxtail milletPanicum viride Linn. syn. Setaria italica (L.) P.Beauv. subsp. viridis (L.) Thell.
92Jintan hitamBlack cuminNigella sativa Linn.
93Jinten putihCuminCuminum cyminum Linn.                             syn. Ligusticum cuminum Crantz
94Jung jung pandanRhus chinensis Mill. (syn. R. semialata Murr. )
95Jungrahab, Ujung atapBaeckea frutescens Linn.
96KapulagaAmomum cardamomum Willd.
97KapurLimestone
98Karang merahBlond coral
99KatuStar gooseberrySauropus androgynus Merr. syn. S. albicans Bl., S. indicus Wight, S. sumatranus Miq.
100Kayu anginOld man’s beardUsnea sp.
101Kayu gaharuAquilaria malaccensis Lam.
102Kayu kuningYellow-fruited moonseedArcangelisia flava Merr. syn. A. lemniscata Becc., Anamirta flavescena Miq.
103Kayu lanangOroxylum indicum Vent. syn. Calosanthes indica Blume, Bignonia indica Linn., B. pentandra Lour.
104Kayu legiLiqoriceGlycyrrhiza glabra Linn.
105Kayu manis, KeningarIndonesian cassia, Padang cassia, Cassia veraCinnamomum burmanii Nees ex Bl. syn. C. chinense Bl., C. dulce Nees., C. kiamis Nees.
106Kayu rapetParameria laevigata (Juss.) Moldenke syn. P. barbata Schum., P. glandulifera S. Vidal
107Kayu secangSappanwoodCaesalpinia sappan Linn.
108Kayu ulesScrew plantHelicteres isora Linn.
109Kayu wedakCrataeva nurvala Buch.-Ham. (syn. C. magna Hassk., C. religiosa Bl.)
110KecipirWinged beanPsophocarpus tetragonolobus DC.
111KecubungDatura metel Linn. (syn. D. fastuosa Linn.)
112KedawungParkia biglobosa Benth. (syn. P.roxburghii G. Don, P. timoriana Merr.)
113KeluwakPangium edule Reinw. (syn. P. rumphii Voight, Hydnocarpus polyandra Blanco, Pangium ceramense Teijsm. & Binn. ex. Slooten)
114Kembang lawangChinese cassia, Chinese cinnamon, cassia ligneaCinnamomum cassia Blume syn. Laurus cassia Linn., Cinnamomum aromaticum Nees
115Kembang pukul empatThe four o’ clock flowerMirabilis jalapa Linn.
116KemenyanStyrax, benzoinStyrax benzoin Dryand.
117KemiriAleurites moluccana Willd. (syn. A. triloba Forst.)
118KemukusCubeb, tailed pepperPiper cubeba Vahl (syn. Cubeba officinalis Raf.)
119KenariCanarium amboinense Hochr. (syn. C. commune Linn., C. moluccanum Blume)
120KencurLesser galangalKaempferia galanga Linn.
121Keras tulangChloranthus officinalis Blume
122KetumbarCorianderCoriandrum sativum Linn.
123Ki sariawanSymplocos odoratissima Choisy ex Zoll. (syn. Dicalyx oddoratissinus Bl., Symplocos pulverulenta King & Gamble, S. wenzelii Merr.)
124KlabetFenugreekTrigonella foenum-graecum Linn.
125KlembakChinese RhubarbRheum palmatum Linn.
126Kulit buah delimaPomegranatePunica granatum Linn.
127Kulit jeruk purutKaffir limeCitrus hystrix DC.
128Kulit kambojaPlumeria acuminata Ait. syn. P. acutifolia Poir.
129Kulit kayu pulosariAlyxia reinwardtii Blume syn. A. stellata Roem. & Schult.
130Kulit kinaCinchona, quinineCinchona sp.
131Kulit krangeyanPheasant pepper treeLitsea cubeba Pers. (syn. Laurus cubeba L., L.citrata Bl.)
132Kunci pepetKaempferia angustifolia Rosc.
133KunyitTurmericCurcuma domestica Valeton syn. C. longa Linn.
134KusambiLac treeSchleichera oleosa Merr. syn. S. trijuga Willd., Stadmannia sideroxylon Bl.
135LandepBarleria prionitis Linn. syn. Prionitis hystrix Miq.
136Laos, LengkuaGreater galangalAlpinia galanga (L.) Willd.
137LegundiVitex trifolia Linn. syn. V. rotundifolia Linn. f., V. repens Blanco, V. lagundi Ridley
138LempuyangWild gingerZingiber zerumbet (L.) Sm.
139LenglenganLeucas lavandulifolia Sm. syn. L. linifolia Spreng.
140LerakSapindus rarak DC. syn. Dittelasma rarak Hook. f.
141LutengTaraktogenos heterophylla V. Slooten ex K. Heyne syn. T. blume Hassk., Hydnocarpus heterophylla Blume
142MaduHoney
143MahoniSwietenia mahagoni (L.) Jacq. syn. S. macrophylla King
144Maja-mujuDodderCuscuta australis R.Br. syn. C. hygrophilae H. Pearson
145ManggisMangosteenGarcinia mangostana Linn.
146MemeniranBeauty berryCallicarpa cuspidata Roxb. syn. C. pedunculata R. Br.
147Meniran1. Phyllanthus niruri Linn.
2. Phyllanthus urinaria Linn.
148Meniran (P. acidus)Phyllanthus acidus (L.) Skeels syn. P. distichus (L.) Mull. Arg., Cicca acida (L.) Merr., C. disticha Linn., C. nodiflora Lam.
149Merica, LadaPepperPiper nigrum Linn.
150MesoyiMassoia aromatica Becc. syn. Sassafras goesianum Teijsm. & Binn.
151MimbaNeem treeAzadirachta indica Juss syn. Melia azadirachta Linn.
152MindiChinaberryMelia azedarach Linn.
153Mungsi (A. cina)Artemisia cina Berg
154Mungsi (C. copticum)Carum copticum Benth. & Hook. f.
155NagasariCeylon ironwoodMesua ferrea Linn.
156NampuHomalomena javanica van Alderw. van Ros.
157PadmaRafflesia patma Bl. syn. R. zollingeriana Koord.
158Pasak bumiEurycoma longifolia Jack
159Patikan keboAsthma weedEuphorbia hirta Linn.
160PekakChinese star anise, star aniseIllicium verum Hook.f. syn. I. anisatum Lour.
161PepayaPapayaCarica papaya Linn.
162Pisang-pisangGoniothalamus macrophyllus Hook.f. et Thoms.
163PokoMint, field mintMentha arvensis Linn. var. javanica syn. M. javanica Blume
164PranajiwaEuchresta horsfieldii Benn.
165PucukCostus rootSausurea lappa C.B.Clarke syn. S. costus (Falc.) S.J. Lipschitz
166PuleHard alstonia, Hard milk woodAlstonia scholaris (L.) R.Br.
167Pule pandakRauwolfia, Serpentine wood, Snake woodRauvolfia serpentina Benth. ex Kurz syn. Hunteria sundana Miq., Ophioxylon observum Miq., O. serpentinum Linn., O. trifoliatum Gaertn., O. sautiferum Salisb.
168PuspaSchima noronhae Reinw. ex Blume
169RambutanRambutanNephelium lappaceum Linn.
170RaneSelaginella willdenowii Baker. syn. S. laevigata Spring.
171Saga pohonAdenanthera pavonia Linn.
172SambilotoAndrographis paniculata Nees
173Sari kuningJapanese pagoda tree, Chinese scholar treeStyphnolobium japonicum (L.) Schott syn. Sophora japonica Linn.
174Sawi-sawiMustardBrassica rugosa Prain
175SelasihSweet basilOcimum basilicum Linn.
176SeprantuSindora sumatrana Miq.
177SeraiLemongrassCymbopogon citratus Stapf /
Andropogon nardus Linn. syn. Cymbopogon nardus (Linn.) Rendle [Andropogon nardus var. ceriferus Hack. syn. A. citratus Hort. ex DC., A. schoenanthus Linn., Cymbopo
178SidaguriSida rhombifolia Linn. (syn. S. retusa Linn.)
179SidawayahWoodfordia floribunda Salisb. syn. Grislea tomentosa Roxb.
180SintokCinnamomum sintok Blume
181SrigadingTree of sorrowNyctanthes arbor-tristis Linn.
182SukmodiluwihGunnera macrophylla Blume
183SurenIndonesian mahoganyToona sureni Merr. syn. Cedrela febrifuga Blume
184Tabat baritoMistletoe FicusFicus deltoidea Jack.
185TawasAlum, Alumen
186TekiCyperus rotundus Linn.
187TelasihanCinnamomum parthenoxylon (Jack) Meisn. syn. C. porrectum (Roxb.) Kosterm., Sassafras partenoxylon Nees.
188TembakauTobaccoNicotiana tabacum Linn.
189Temu giringCurcuma heyneana Valeton & Zyp
190Temu irengCurcuma aeruginosa Roxb.
191Temu kunciChinese keysBoesenbergia pandurata Schltr. Gastrochilus panduratum Ridl. syn. Kaempferia pandurata Roxb., Boesenbergia pandurata (Roxb.) Schltr.
192Temu manggaCurcuma mangga Valeton & Zijp
193Temu putihWhite turmeric, ZedoaryCurcuma zeodaria Rosc.
194TemulawakCurcuma xanthorrhiza D. Dietr.
195TrusiCopper sulphate
196ValerianValeriana javanica Blume syn. V. hardwickii Wall.
197WijenSesame seedSesamum indicum Linn. syn. S. orientalis Linn.
198WoloPterospermum acerifolium Willd. syn. P. divarsifolium Bl.
199ZanthoxylumZanthoxylum sp.
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